Family Health and Medical Guide: Diagnostic Tests Definition and Necessities
In helping people understand their health matters and how to cope with different diseases when they occur – family health and medical guide is an important tool.
Dealing with a disease begins with detecting and identifying the type. Many people lack the understanding of most of the diagnostic tests that are performed in hospitals during disease detection. Below are some of the common diagnostic tests that are done;
-Blood pressure test
This test checks the force at which blood flows in one’s arteries and veins. The pressure of the blood results from the person’s heart beat.
Therefore high blood pressure and low blood pressure is an indication of a problem with the person’s heart. It is important to have the blood pressure regularly checked.
-Heart rate test
This test is done by counting the number of heart beat per minute.
The normal heart rate for an adult ranges between 120/80 to 90/60. An abnormal heart beat pulse rate could be an indication of certain heart diseases such as a cardiovascular disease, artery blocking hence it is very important to have the test carried out often to detect any of the diseases in their early stages.
-Breathing rate test
This is done by the use of a stethoscope to check the ease of breathing. Wheezing and difficulty breathing can be a sign of a respiratory disease including asthma, bronchitis and pneumonia. Blockage of the nostrils could also be an indication of a respiratory tract disease therefore it is advisable to seek immediate medical attention.
This are laboratory tests that are performed on blood, urine , stool or tissues to check on any abnormalities that would indicate the presence of a disease.The blood tests are useful when identifying blood related diseases such as blood cancer, malaria, typhoid. The results vary depending on the person’s diet, gender, age, weight and how often they exercise.
Also called a CAT scan uses a n X-ray machine to view the inner parts of someone’s body. The machine is used to check for tumors,cancers, internal bleeding or broken bones.
This is a test that doctors perform in order ton see the parts of the large intestine and to detect diseases such as colon cancer. This procedure is often called for when there is irregular bowel movements. Irregular bowel movements include intense pain when passing stool, presence of blood when passing stool and severe constipation.
This employs the use of an ultrasound machine to view the organs in the body such as kidneys and liver.The transducer produces high frequency sound waves that are transmitted into the body and reflected back by the tissues in the body
The ultrasound machine creates images of from these sound waves which are then studied to identify any diseases in the organ viewed.Ultrasounds are also used to check on the development of a fetus
Families would stay healthy and enjoy life by reading and practicing the advice provided by the- family health guide and medical in their daily lives.